In the past month, U.S. Bank also closed on a $29 million five-year floating-rate loan for two shopping centers in Pensacola, Fla. One of the centers came with a vacant K-Mart store. The other, anchored by TJ Maxx and Joann Fabrics, had a low level of small shop vacancy.
Similarly, in mid-December, Wells Fargo provided a $50 million first mortgage for The District at Green Valley Ranch, a 384,107-sq.-ft. retail center just outside Las Vegas. The loan featured a fixed 4.4 percent interest rate with a five-year term and a 63 percent loan-to-value (LTV) ratio.
Two years ago, banks wouldn’t come within a mile of a condo development in South Florida or a retail center in Nevada.
But times have changed, says Arnaud Karsenti, managing principal of 13th Floor Investments, a Florida-based real estate investment and management firm. He and his partners were able to get a number of banks interested in the NoBe Bay project, including Bank of America and a couple of regional operators, and managed to secure financing in only three months.
Of course, not every condo project in Miami will get the same consideration from traditional lenders. What made NoBe Bay attractive to U.S. Bank and Bank of America was the fact that by the time the owners started shopping for a loan, they had already paid all cash for the property, Karsenti notes. Plus, they purchased NoBe Bay at a significant discount to replacement cost, downplaying the risk to the bank.
“In today’s environment, banks are eager to lend, but they only want to lend on certain types of projects,” Karsenti notes.
That’s a theme that will continue to play out throughout the next 12 months.
In 2011, banks finally started to unload old real estate loans, freeing up capital to invest in new product, according to Tom Melody, co-head and executive managing director with the real estate investment banking group of Jones Lang LaSalle, a Chicago-based commercial real estate services firm. Plus, with interest rates at historically low levels, there are plenty of borrowers out there looking to lock in long-term deals. As of Jan. 3, the fixed interest rate on five-year U.S. Treasury notes stood at 0.827 percent, according to a report compiled by Cohen Financial, a Chicago-based national real estate capital services firm. The fixed rate on 10-year Treasury notes was at 1.868 percent. As recently as 2010, many banks would limit risk on commercial real estate loans by doing two- and three-year deals. That trend is starting to change.
Given the high level of interest in securing new loans and the favorable market conditions, banks’ commercial real estate originations have been trending up. Through the third quarter of 2011, the most recent period for which data is available, the Mortgage Bankers Association’s (MBA) origination volume index for commercial banks rose to 169, on a scale where 100 equals the average quarterly origination volume in 2001. The figure was still far off the peak of 552 in the fourth quarter of 2006, but it was also 433 percent above commercial banks’ mortgage originations during the same period last year. The average size of commercial real estate loans closed by banks went up as well, to $11.8 million, from $4.9 million in the third quarter of 2010.
In 2012, those numbers will likely continue rising, according to Robert Bach, senior vice president and chief economist with the commercial real estate services firm Grubb & Ellis.
“I see banks being a little more active in 2012,” he notes. “The recent trend among them has been to loosen standards for commercial real estate loans and that’s a good thing.”
For example, KeyBank, a national lender based in Cleveland, plans to increase its balance sheet lending on commercial and multifamily properties by about $1.2 billion this year, or 15 percent compared to 2011, according to Clay Sublett, senior vice president and CMBS manager with KeyBank Real Estate Capital. KeyBank had cleaned up its balance sheet months ago and has plenty of liquidity that isn’t earning sufficient returns, which is why the bank is eager to come back into the commercial real estate sector. The bankers who spent the past few years handling workouts are being encouraged to seek new clients. At the same time, however, nobody wants to go back to 2006 or 2007, so there is a lot more attention paid to managing risk, Sublett says.
“We are very focused on relationships instead of transactions,” he notes. “We want permanent debt. So our big focus is ‘don’t chase transactions, chase relationships.’”
In comparative terms, commercial and multifamily mortgages held by banks have performed well through the downturn when matched against other loan types, according to Jaime Woodwell, vice president of commercial/multifamily research with the MBA, an industry trade group based in Washington, D.C. As of third quarter, the 90-plus day delinquency rate for commercial and multifamily mortgages held by banks and thrifts stood at 3.75 percent, according to the MBA, down from a peak of 4.4 percent in the third quarter of 2010.
Still, from 1998 through 2007, banks and thrifts consistently averaged a delinquency rate below 1.0 percent for commercial and multifamily loans.
As a result, even as banks attempt to bring in more commercial real estate business in 2012, they will continue to be careful about the borrowers and projects they are willing to work with. Banks will likely start underwriting a significant number of construction loans in 2012, but those loans will be heavily focused on multifamily projects, which have done well over the past couple years, according to Kevin Phelan, co-chairman with brokerage firm Colliers International. Preference might also be given to student and senior housing projects.
Retail and office developers, on the other hand, will have to show a significant amount of pre-leasing in order to qualify for a bank loan, and they will also have to be experienced in the property type they are building.
In today’s environment, when KeyBank closes a construction or acquisition loan, it’s always with an eye toward transitioning to permanent financing, says Sublett. For example, the bank will provide credit facilities to REITs and institutional funds to acquire new assets, but will then refinance the properties through either the CMBS market or life insurance debt.
What’s more, KeyBank still doesn’t quite feel comfortable underwriting loans without recourse. As a rule of thumb, any transaction with an LTV of 70 percent or higher will require some form of recourse, Sublett notes. In order for there to be no recourse, the LTV would have to be at 60 percent or less.
“Everybody just got through a period when the term ‘risk’ got re-introduced to real estate lending,” says Stephenson. “In 2006, it was almost like lenders were not pricing any risk into the deal. There is still some institutional memory, so I think banks will still control their risk profile.”
On the other hand, banks are becoming more open-minded about entering secondary and sometimes tertiary markets, if the underlying property fundamentals meet their criteria. The competition for business in gateway cities like New York and Washington, D.C. has gotten so heated, it’s been hard to secure attractive returns, says Sublett. So in the year ahead KeyBank will be focusing on a lot of secondary cities, including Dallas, Houston, Indianapolis, Columbus, Salt Lake City and Denver.