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Inflationary risks from continued quantitative easing, emerging economies hungry for gold and production that can't keep pace with demand, are all factors which lead some to believe gold will continue to rise in value. Despite an amazing decade run, Money Morning's Peter Krauth writes that gold is an under-invested asset headed for $1900 an ounce, so even if you aren't already on board, you haven't missed the boat. See the following article from Money Morning for more on this.

peak gold
Gold investors are a happy bunch. Those with the luck or foresight to have boarded the golden railroad back in 2001 have experienced a fivefold investment in the "metal of kings." That works out to compounded return of better than 20% a year.

Such a torrid performance has evoked claims that this is just another financial bubble - that's soon to burst.

But the reality is that anyone who classifies this bull market in gold to be nothing more than a bubble simply hasn't looked at the market fundamentals, doesn't understand them, or has an ulterior motive.

Precious metals - and gold in particular - have been the asset class of the decade. But it's not too late to climb aboard - there's still plenty more growth to come.

In fact, before 2011 closes out, I predict that each ounce of the prized "yellow metal" will be trading at $1,900 - an increase of about 37% from yesterday's (Wednesday's) closing price of about $1,390 an ounce.

The Four Catalysts For Higher Gold Prices

I've got a high degree of confidence in my prediction. And with good reason: After years of covering the gold, commodities, and mining sectors, my research and observations all indicate higher gold prices for years to come.

Indeed, there are four specific trends that promise to keep gold prices on an upward trajectory. I'm referring to the fact that:

  • Ongoing global stimulus initiatives figure to ignite inflation, which is highly bullish for gold.
  • The so-called concept of "peak gold" is real, and that even in the face of record gold prices, miners can't seem to crank out enough of the "yellow metal."
  • Global demand is burgeoning as wages rise in such newly emergent markets as China and India - a trend that's not going to quit.
  • Global investors remain dramatically under-invested in gold.

Let's look at each of these four catalysts.

With QE2 in the Books, Are We Looking at QE3, QE4 and QE5?


In the past two years alone the U.S. Federal Reserve, the European Union (EU), and central banks in China, Japan and a host of other nations have chosen to "stimulate" their economies by ramping up spending and cranking up their printing presses. Multi-trillions of dollars of liquidity have been injected into the global economy.

That's going to lead to inflation. It already has in the "volatile" food and energy segments that the U.S. government conveniently leaves out of its twisted consumer price index (CPI) numbers.

The U.S. central bank's $600 billion "QE2" initiative will fail to boost the economy and/or lower unemployment in any meaningful way. Instead, that "hot money" is making its way to emerging-market economies, where it's being plowed into hard-asset resources such as gold.

Even so, if there's one likelihood we can rely on, it's that U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben S. Bernanke will continue to do the one thing that he seems to excel at - printing money. As the reality of an ineffective QE2 sets in, there will be cries for a QE3, which will also fail to produce the desired results. That will force a QE4, then a QE5 and ... well, you get the picture.

Eventually, inflation will take hold like a virulent virus - and will be just as hard to halt. The omniscient Fed's plan is to just raise interest rates to tame inflation and mop up the massive liquidity. But our central bankers are likely to be taken by surprise and end up moving too late.

If you doubt this, just remember the subprime mortgage crisis, and Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. (OTC: LEHMQ).

A severe loss of confidence in the greenback could push bond prices lower and cause yields to soar virtually overnight, beating Bernanke and company to the draw. And a badly weakened U.S. dollar will devastate millions of savers.

If this doesn't scare you, consider this: At its current pace, every 18 days, the U.S. government issues debt equal in value to a full year of gold production. Every year, the United States borrows the equivalent of a full one third of all the gold ever mined.

Peak Gold is Real

Despite record nominal gold prices, gold miners just can't crank out enough of the stuff. Between 1997 and 2001, miners "high-graded" (mined ore with the highest grades) just to keep the lights on, as gold prices bottomed and the yellow metal was reaching the peak of its secular bear run.

Ever since, as gold prices have steadily climbed, these miners have been shifting production to gradually lower grade ore, leading to ever-lower output. In fact, in just the past five years, the average recovered grade has declined a full 30% - dropping from 1.8 grams per ton down to 1.3 grams per ton.

And the grades of replacement ore being found are now averaging about 0.60 grams per ton, meaning twice as much ore has to be found just to replace gold being produced at current grades. Gold has become so valuable that millions of tons of what was formerly considered waste rock are now being recategorized as gold reserves.

Economic theory tells us that as demand increases, so does supply, which helps to contain prices. In the case of gold, however, that just isn't happening. There's simply not enough new gold being found to replace consumed reserves and to allow for higher production levels.

Over the past year, gold production has only managed a 3.0% increase, despite a 20% increase in price.

Demand is Burgeoning

too little gold
Chindia (China and India) - with 35% of the world's population - has turned into a big fan of gold. India is the world's largest gold consumer. Last year, Indians bought just under 500 tons. Already in the first nine months this year, 2009's full-year sales have been surpassed. China, too, is on pace to better last year's consumption levels.

For its part, Indian demand for gold jewelry is expected to increase by about 11% this year.

Worldwide, investment demand for gold will be up, led by China, India, Russia, and Turkey. "Bar hoarding" is on the rise, too, increasing 44% over 2009 as investors increasingly take physical delivery of their merchandise, reports the World Gold Council. In fact, net retail investments in this year's third quarter set a record at $9.6 billion - a staggering 60% increase over the same quarter in 2009.

Refusing to be left behind, jewelry and industrial demand have also posted year-over-year third-quarter increases of 8% and 13%, respectively.

What's particularly fascinating, though, is the level of buying also driven by central banks, mostly in the Middle East and Asia. In the past year, we've seen India, Sri Lanka, and the Republic of Mauritius buy a total of 212 tons of International Monetary Fund (IMF) gold at $1,050 per ounce, followed by Bangladesh, which purchased 10 tons at $1,275 per ounce.

Russia absorbed a full 63% of its own 2009 production, amounting to 130 tons. Even Iran announced that it is converting $45 billion into a mix of euros and gold. In fact, a smaller (unnamed) Mideast nation has indicated that it is converting 200,000 barrels per day of oil production into gold, the annualized equivalent of 140 tons of gold yearly at the current oil-to-gold ratio.

Global Investors Remain Under-invested in Gold


I could give you a whole song and dance on this point, but I really don't need to. As it currently stands, the average investor, both retail and institutional, is sorely under-invested in gold-related holdings.

As the accompanying graphic shows, just after the gold prices hit their peak in their last secular bull run, gold and gold-mining shares represented 26% of global assets. In 2009, investment levels in these same subsectors represented a microscopic 0.80% of global assets. Clearly, gold has a long way to go just to become a significant allocation within the average portfolio.

So if you've been asking yourself that burning question: "Is gold in a bubble?" - rest assured that the answer is still a resounding "No!"

This article has been republished from Money Morning. You can also view this article at Money Morning, an investment news and analysis site.